Documentation

List current running Containers

docker ps

You can also use the following command if you want to see only this project containers:

docker-compose ps


Close all running Containers

docker-compose stop

To stop single container do:

docker-compose stop {container-name}


Delete all existing Containers

docker-compose down


Enter a Container (run commands in a running Container)

1 - First list the current running containers with docker ps

2 - Enter any container using:

docker-compose exec {container-name} bash

Example: enter MySQL container

docker-compose exec mysql bash

Example: enter to MySQL prompt within MySQL container

docker-compose exec mysql mysql -u homestead -psecret

3 - To exit a container, type exit.


Edit default container configuration

Open the docker-compose.yml and change anything you want.

Examples:

Change MySQL Database Name:

    environment:
        MYSQL_DATABASE: laradock
    ...

Change Redis default port to 1111:

    ports:
        - "1111:6379"
    ...


Edit a Docker Image

1 - Find the Dockerfile of the image you want to edit,
example for mysql it will be mysql/Dockerfile.

2 - Edit the file the way you want.

3 - Re-build the container:

docker-compose build mysql

More info on Containers rebuilding here.


Build/Re-build Containers

If you do any change to any Dockerfile make sure you run this command, for the changes to take effect:

docker-compose build

Optionally you can specify which container to rebuild (instead of rebuilding all the containers):

docker-compose build {container-name}

You might use the --no-cache option if you want full rebuilding (docker-compose build --no-cache {container-name}).


Add more Software (Docker Images)

To add an image (software), just edit the docker-compose.yml and add your container details, to do so you need to be familiar with the docker compose file syntax.


View the Log files

The NGINX Log file is stored in the logs/nginx directory.

However to view the logs of all the other containers (MySQL, PHP-FPM,…) you can run this:

docker-compose logs {container-name}
docker-compose logs -f {container-name}

More options


Install PHP Extensions

Before installing PHP extensions, you have to decide whether you need for the FPM or CLI because each lives on a different container, if you need it for both you have to edit both containers.

The PHP-FPM extensions should be installed in php-fpm/Dockerfile-XX. (replace XX with your default PHP version number).
The PHP-CLI extensions should be installed in workspace/Dockerfile.


Change the (PHP-FPM) Version

By default PHP-FPM 7.0 is running.

The PHP-FPM is responsible of serving your application code, you don’t have to change the PHP-CLI version if you are planning to run your application on different PHP-FPM version.

A) Switch from PHP 7.0 to PHP 5.6

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml.

2 - Search for Dockerfile-70 in the PHP container section.

3 - Change the version number, by replacing Dockerfile-70 with Dockerfile-56, like this:

    php-fpm:
        build:
            context: ./php-fpm
            dockerfile: Dockerfile-56
    ...

4 - Finally rebuild the container

docker-compose build php-fpm

For more details about the PHP base image, visit the official PHP docker images.

B) Switch from PHP 7.0 or 5.6 to PHP 5.5

We do not natively support PHP 5.5 anymore, but you can get it in few steps:

1 - Clone https://github.com/laradock/php-fpm.

3 - Rename Dockerfile-56 to Dockerfile-55.

3 - Edit the file FROM php:5.6-fpm to FROM php:5.5-fpm.

4 - Build an image from Dockerfile-55.

5 - Open the docker-compose.yml file.

6 - Point php-fpm to your Dockerfile-55 file.


Change the PHP-CLI Version

By default PHP-CLI 7.0 is running.

Note: it’s not very essential to edit the PHP-CLI version. The PHP-CLI is only used for the Artisan Commands & Composer. It doesn’t serve your Application code, this is the PHP-FPM job.

The PHP-CLI is installed in the Workspace container. To change the PHP-CLI version you need to edit the workspace/Dockerfile.

Right now you have to manually edit the Dockerfile or create a new one like it’s done for the PHP-FPM. (consider contributing).


Install xDebug

1 - First install xDebug in the Workspace and the PHP-FPM Containers:
a) open the docker-compose.yml file
b) search for the INSTALL_XDEBUG argument under the Workspace Container
c) set it to true
d) search for the INSTALL_XDEBUG argument under the PHP-FPM Container
e) set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_XDEBUG=true
    ...
    php-fpm:
        build:
            context: ./php-fpm
            args:
                - INSTALL_XDEBUG=true
    ...

2 - Open laradock/workspace/xdebug.ini and laradock/php-fpm/xdebug.ini and enable at least the following configurations:

xdebug.remote_autostart=1
xdebug.remote_enable=1
xdebug.remote_connect_back=1

3 - Re-build the containers docker-compose build workspace php-fpm

For information on how to configure xDebug with your IDE and work it out, check this Repository or follow up on the next section if you use linux and PhpStorm.

Setup remote debugging for PhpStorm on Linux

  • Make sure you have followed the steps above in the Install Xdebug section.

  • Make sure Xdebug accepts connections and listens on port 9000. (Should be default configuration).

Debug Configuration.

  • Create a server with name laradock (matches PHP_IDE_CONFIG key in environment file) and make sure to map project root path with server correctly.

Server Configuration.

  • Start listening for debug connections, place a breakpoint and you are good to go !


Start/Stop xDebug:

By installing xDebug, you are enabling it to run on startup by default.

To control the behavior of xDebug (in the php-fpm Container), you can run the following commands from the Laradock root folder, (at the same prompt where you run docker-compose):

  • Stop xDebug from running by default: .php-fpm/xdebug stop.
  • Start xDebug by default: .php-fpm/xdebug start.
  • See the status: .php-fpm/xdebug status.

Note: If .php-fpm/xdebug doesn’t execute and gives Permission Denied error the problem can be that file xdebug doesn’t have execution access. This can be fixed by running chmod command with desired access permissions.


Install Deployer (Deployment tool for PHP)

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file
2 - Search for the INSTALL_DEPLOYER argument under the Workspace Container
3 - Set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_DEPLOYER=true
    ...

4 - Re-build the containers docker-compose build workspace

Deployer Documentation Here



Prepare Laradock for Production

It’s recommended for production to create a custom docker-compose.yml file. For that reason, Laradock is shipped with production-docker-compose.yml which should contain only the containers you are planning to run on production (usage example: docker-compose -f production-docker-compose.yml up -d nginx mysql redis ...).

Note: The Database (MySQL/MariaDB/…) ports should not be forwarded on production, because Docker will automatically publish the port on the host, which is quite insecure, unless specifically told not to. So make sure to remove these lines:

ports:
    - "3306:3306"

To learn more about how Docker publishes ports, please read this excellent post on the subject.


Setup Laravel and Docker on Digital Ocean

Full Guide Here


Install Laravel from a Docker Container

1 - First you need to enter the Workspace Container.

2 - Install Laravel.

Example using Composer

composer create-project laravel/laravel my-cool-app "5.2.*"

We recommend using composer create-project instead of the Laravel installer, to install Laravel.

For more about the Laravel installation click here.

3 - Edit docker-compose.yml to Map the new application path:

By default, Laradock assumes the Laravel application is living in the parent directory of the laradock folder.

Since the new Laravel application is in the my-cool-app folder, we need to replace ../:/var/www with ../my-cool-app/:/var/www, as follow:

    application:
		 image: tianon/true
        volumes:
            - ../my-cool-app/:/var/www
    ...

4 - Go to that folder and start working..

cd my-cool-app

5 - Go back to the Laradock installation steps to see how to edit the .env file.


Run Artisan Commands

You can run artisan commands and many other Terminal commands from the Workspace container.

1 - Make sure you have the workspace container running.

docker-compose up -d workspace // ..and all your other containers

2 - Find the Workspace container name:

docker-compose ps

3 - Enter the Workspace container:

docker-compose exec workspace bash

Add --user=laradock (example docker-compose exec --user=laradock workspace bash) to have files created as your host’s user.

4 - Run anything you want :)

php artisan
Composer update
phpunit


Run Laravel Queue Worker

1 - First add php-worker container. It will be similar as like PHP-FPM Container.
a) open the docker-compose.yml file
b) add a new service container by simply copy-paste this section below PHP-FPM container

    php-worker:
      build:
        context: ./php-fpm
        dockerfile: Dockerfile-70 # or Dockerfile-56, choose your PHP-FPM container setting
      volumes_from:
        - applications
      command: php artisan queue:work

2 - Start everything up

docker-compose up -d php-worker


Use Redis

1 - First make sure you run the Redis Container (redis) with the docker-compose up command.

docker-compose up -d redis

2 - Open your Laravel’s .env file and set the REDIS_HOST to redis

REDIS_HOST=redis

If you don’t find the REDIS_HOST variable in your .env file. Go to the database configuration file config/database.php and replace the default 127.0.0.1 IP with redis for Redis like this:

'redis' => [
    'cluster' => false,
    'default' => [
        'host'     => 'redis',
        'port'     => 6379,
        'database' => 0,
    ],
],

3 - To enable Redis Caching and/or for Sessions Management. Also from the .env file set CACHE_DRIVER and SESSION_DRIVER to redis instead of the default file.

CACHE_DRIVER=redis
SESSION_DRIVER=redis

4 - Finally make sure you have the predis/predis package (~1.0) installed via Composer:

composer require predis/predis:^1.0

5 - You can manually test it from Laravel with this code:

\Cache::store('redis')->put('Laradock', 'Awesome', 10);


Use Mongo

1 - First install mongo in the Workspace and the PHP-FPM Containers:
a) open the docker-compose.yml file
b) search for the INSTALL_MONGO argument under the Workspace Container
c) set it to true
d) search for the INSTALL_MONGO argument under the PHP-FPM Container
e) set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_MONGO=true
    ...
    php-fpm:
        build:
            context: ./php-fpm
            args:
                - INSTALL_MONGO=true
    ...

2 - Re-build the containers docker-compose build workspace php-fpm

3 - Run the MongoDB Container (mongo) with the docker-compose up command.

docker-compose up -d mongo

4 - Add the MongoDB configurations to the config/database.php configuration file:

'connections' => [

    'mongodb' => [
        'driver'   => 'mongodb',
        'host'     => env('DB_HOST', 'localhost'),
        'port'     => env('DB_PORT', 27017),
        'database' => env('DB_DATABASE', 'database'),
        'username' => '',
        'password' => '',
        'options'  => [
            'database' => '',
        ]
    ],

	// ...

],

5 - Open your Laravel’s .env file and update the following variables:

  • set the DB_HOST to your mongo.
  • set the DB_PORT to 27017.
  • set the DB_DATABASE to database.

6 - Finally make sure you have the jenssegers/mongodb package installed via Composer and its Service Provider is added.

composer require jenssegers/mongodb

More details about this here.

7 - Test it:

  • First let your Models extend from the Mongo Eloquent Model. Check the documentation.
  • Enter the Workspace Container.
  • Migrate the Database php artisan migrate.


Use PhpMyAdmin

1 - Run the phpMyAdmin Container (phpmyadmin) with the docker-compose up command. Example:

# use with mysql
docker-compose up -d mysql phpmyadmin

# use with mariadb
docker-compose up -d mariadb phpmyadmin

Note: To use with MariaDB, open .env and set PMA_DB_ENGINE=mysql to PMA_DB_ENGINE=mariadb.

2 - Open your browser and visit the localhost on port 8080: http://localhost:8080


Use Adminer

1 - Run the Adminer Container (adminer) with the docker-compose up command. Example:

docker-compose up -d adminer

2 - Open your browser and visit the localhost on port 8080: http://localhost:8080

Note: We’ve locked Adminer to version 4.3.0 as at the time of writing it contained a major bug preventing PostgreSQL users from logging in. If that bug is fixed (or if you’re not using PostgreSQL) feel free to set Adminer to the latest version within the Dockerfile: FROM adminer:latest


Use PgAdmin

1 - Run the pgAdmin Container (pgadmin) with the docker-compose up command. Example:

docker-compose up -d postgres pgadmin

2 - Open your browser and visit the localhost on port 5050: http://localhost:5050


Use Beanstalkd

1 - Run the Beanstalkd Container:

docker-compose up -d beanstalkd

2 - Configure Laravel to connect to that container by editing the config/queue.php config file.

a. first set beanstalkd as default queue driver b. set the queue host to beanstalkd : QUEUE_HOST=beanstalkd

beanstalkd is now available on default port 11300.

3 - Require the dependency package pda/pheanstalk using composer.

Optionally you can use the Beanstalkd Console Container to manage your Queues from a web interface.

1 - Run the Beanstalkd Console Container:

docker-compose up -d beanstalkd-console

2 - Open your browser and visit http://localhost:2080/

3 - Add the server

  • Host: beanstalkd
  • Port: 11300

4 - Done.


Use ElasticSearch

1 - Run the ElasticSearch Container (elasticsearch) with the docker-compose up command:

docker-compose up -d elasticsearch

2 - Open your browser and visit the localhost on port 9200: http://localhost:9200

Install ElasticSearch Plugin

1 - Install the ElasticSearch plugin like delete-by-query.

docker exec {container-name} /usr/share/elasticsearch/bin/plugin install delete-by-query

2 - Restart elasticsearch container

docker restart {container-name}


Use Selenium

1 - Run the Selenium Container (selenium) with the docker-compose up command. Example:

docker-compose up -d selenium

2 - Open your browser and visit the localhost on port 4444 at the following URL: http://localhost:4444/wd/hub


Use RethinkDB

The RethinkDB is an open-source Database for Real-time Web (RethinkDB). A package (Laravel RethinkDB) is being developed and was released a version for Laravel 5.2 (experimental).

1 - Run the RethinkDB Container (rethinkdb) with the docker-compose up command.

docker-compose up -d rethinkdb

2 - Access the RethinkDB Administration Console http://localhost:8090/#tables for create a database called database.

3 - Add the RethinkDB configurations to the config/database.php configuration file:

'connections' => [

	'rethinkdb' => [
		'name'      => 'rethinkdb',
		'driver'    => 'rethinkdb',
		'host'      => env('DB_HOST', 'rethinkdb'),
		'port'      => env('DB_PORT', 28015),
		'database'  => env('DB_DATABASE', 'test'),
	]

	// ...

],

4 - Open your Laravel’s .env file and update the following variables:

  • set the DB_CONNECTION to your rethinkdb.
  • set the DB_HOST to rethinkdb.
  • set the DB_PORT to 28015.
  • set the DB_DATABASE to database.


Use Minio

1 - Configure Minio: - On the workspace container, change INSTALL_MC to true to get the client - Set MINIO_ACCESS_KEY and MINIO_ACCESS_SECRET if you wish to set proper keys

2 - Run the Minio Container (minio) with the docker-compose up command. Example:

docker-compose up -d minio

3 - Open your browser and visit the localhost on port 9000 at the following URL: http://localhost:9000

4 - Create a bucket either through the webui or using the mc client:

  mc mb minio/bucket

5 - When configuring your other clients use the following details:

  S3_HOST=http://minio
  S3_KEY=access
  S3_SECRET=secretkey
  S3_REGION=us-east-1
  S3_BUCKET=bucket


Use AWS

1 - Configure AWS: - make sure to add your SSH keys in aws/ssh_keys folder

2 - Run the Aws Container (aws) with the docker-compose up command. Example:

docker-compose up -d aws

3 - Access the aws container with docker-compose exec aws bash

4 - To start using eb cli inside the container, initiaze your project first by doing ‘eb init’. Read the aws eb cli docs for more details.



Install CodeIgniter

To install CodeIgniter 3 on Laradock all you have to do is the following simple steps:

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file.

2 - Change CODEIGNITER=false to CODEIGNITER=true.

3 - Re-build your PHP-FPM Container docker-compose build php-fpm.

Install Symfony

1 - Open the .env file and set WORKSPACE_INSTALL_SYMFONY to true.

2 - Run docker-compose build workspace, after the step above.

3 - The NGINX sites include a default config file for your Symfony project symfony.conf.example, so edit it and make sure the root is pointing to your project web directory.

4 - Run docker-compose restart if the container was already running, before the step above.

5 - Visit symfony.dev


Miscellaneous


Change the timezone

To change the timezone for the workspace container, modify the TZ build argument in the Docker Compose file to one in the TZ database.

For example, if I want the timezone to be New York:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - TZ=America/New_York
    ...

We also recommend setting the timezone in Laravel.


Adding cron jobs

You can add your cron jobs to workspace/crontab/root after the php artisan line.

* * * * * php /var/www/artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

# Custom cron
* * * * * root echo "Every Minute" > /var/log/cron.log 2>&1

Make sure you change the timezone if you don’t want to use the default (UTC).


Access workspace via ssh

You can access the workspace container through localhost:2222 by setting the INSTALL_WORKSPACE_SSH build argument to true.

To change the default forwarded port for ssh:

    workspace:
		ports:
			- "2222:22" # Edit this line
    ...


Change the (MySQL) Version

By default MySQL 8.0 is running.

MySQL 8.0 is a development release. You may prefer to use the latest stable version, or an even older release. If you wish, you can change the MySQL image that is used.

Open up your .env file and set the MYSQL_VERSION variable to the version you would like to install.

MYSQL_VERSION=5.7

Available versions are: 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 8.0, or latest. See https://store.docker.com/images/mysql for more information.


MySQL access from host

You can forward the MySQL/MariaDB port to your host by making sure these lines are added to the mysql or mariadb section of the docker-compose.yml or in your environment specific Compose file.

ports:
    - "3306:3306"


MySQL root access

The default username and password for the root MySQL user are root and root.

1 - Enter the MySQL container: docker-compose exec mysql bash.

2 - Enter mysql: mysql -uroot -proot for non root access use mysql -uhomestead -psecret.

3 - See all users: SELECT User FROM mysql.user;

4 - Run any commands show databases, show tables, select * from......


Create Multiple Databases (MySQL)

Create createdb.sql from mysql/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/createdb.sql.example in mysql/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/* and add your SQL syntax as follow:

CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `your_db_1` COLLATE 'utf8_general_ci' ;
GRANT ALL ON `your_db_1`.* TO 'mysql_user'@'%' ;


Change MySQL port

Modify the mysql/my.cnf file to set your port number, 1234 is used as an example.

[mysqld]
port=1234

If you need MySQL access from your host, do not forget to change the internal port number ("3306:3306" -> "3306:1234") in the docker-compose configuration file.


Use custom Domain (instead of the Docker IP)

Assuming your custom domain is laravel.dev

1 - Open your /etc/hosts file and map your localhost address 127.0.0.1 to the laravel.dev domain, by adding the following:

127.0.0.1    laravel.dev

2 - Open your browser and visit {http://laravel.dev}

Optionally you can define the server name in the NGINX configuration file, like this:

server_name laravel.dev;


Enable Global Composer Build Install

Enabling Global Composer Install during the build for the container allows you to get your composer requirements installed and available in the container after the build is done.

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file

2 - Search for the COMPOSER_GLOBAL_INSTALL argument under the Workspace Container and set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - COMPOSER_GLOBAL_INSTALL=true
    ...

3 - Now add your dependencies to workspace/composer.json

4 - Re-build the Workspace Container docker-compose build workspace


Install Prestissimo

Prestissimo is a plugin for composer which enables parallel install functionality.

1 - Enable Running Global Composer Install during the Build:

Click on this Enable Global Composer Build Install and do steps 1 and 2 only then continue here.

2 - Add prestissimo as requirement in Composer:

a - Now open the workspace/composer.json file

b - Add "hirak/prestissimo": "^0.3" as requirement

c - Re-build the Workspace Container docker-compose build workspace


Install Node + NVM

To install NVM and NodeJS in the Workspace container

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file

2 - Search for the INSTALL_NODE argument under the Workspace Container and set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_NODE=true
    ...

3 - Re-build the container docker-compose build workspace


Install Node + YARN

Yarn is a new package manager for JavaScript. It is so faster than npm, which you can find here.To install NodeJS and Yarn in the Workspace container:

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file

2 - Search for the INSTALL_NODE and INSTALL_YARN argument under the Workspace Container and set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_NODE=true
                - INSTALL_YARN=true
    ...

3 - Re-build the container docker-compose build workspace


Install Linuxbrew

Linuxbrew is a package manager for Linux. It is the Linux version of MacOS Homebrew and can be found here. To install Linuxbrew in the Workspace container:

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file

2 - Search for the INSTALL_LINUXBREW argument under the Workspace Container and set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_LINUXBREW=true
    ...

3 - Re-build the container docker-compose build workspace



Common Terminal Aliases

When you start your docker container, Laradock will copy the aliases.sh file located in the laradock/workspace directory and add sourcing to the container ~/.bashrc file.

You are free to modify the aliases.sh as you see fit, adding your own aliases (or function macros) to suit your requirements.


Install Aerospike extension

1 - First install aerospike in the Workspace and the PHP-FPM Containers:
a) open the docker-compose.yml file
b) search for the INSTALL_AEROSPIKE argument under the Workspace Container
c) set it to true
d) search for the INSTALL_AEROSPIKE argument under the PHP-FPM Container
e) set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_AEROSPIKE=true
    ...
    php-fpm:
        build:
            context: ./php-fpm
            args:
                - INSTALL_AEROSPIKE=true
    ...

2 - Re-build the containers docker-compose build workspace php-fpm


Install Laravel Envoy (Envoy Task Runner)

1 - Open the docker-compose.yml file
2 - Search for the INSTALL_LARAVEL_ENVOY argument under the Workspace Container
3 - Set it to true

It should be like this:

    workspace:
        build:
            context: ./workspace
            args:
                - INSTALL_LARAVEL_ENVOY=true
    ...

4 - Re-build the containers docker-compose build workspace

Laravel Envoy Documentation Here


PHPStorm Debugging Guide

Remote debug Laravel web and phpunit tests.

Debugging Guide Here


Keep track of your Laradock changes

  1. Fork the Laradock repository.
  2. Use that fork as a submodule.
  3. Commit all your changes to your fork.
  4. Pull new stuff from the main repository from time to time.


Upgrading Laradock

Moving from Docker Toolbox (VirtualBox) to Docker Native (for Mac/Windows). Requires upgrading Laradock from v3.* to v4.*:

  1. Stop the docker VM docker-machine stop {default}
  2. Install Docker for Mac or Windows.
  3. Upgrade Laradock to v4.*.* (git pull origin master)
  4. Use Laradock as you used to do: docker-compose up -d nginx mysql.

Note: If you face any problem with the last step above: rebuild all your containers docker-compose build --no-cache “Warning Containers Data might be lost!”


Improve speed on MacOS

Docker on the Mac is slow, at the time of writing. Especially for larger projects, this can be a problem. The problem is older than March 2016 - as it’s a such a long-running issue, we’re including it in the docs here.

So since sharing code into Docker containers with osxfs have very poor performance compared to Linux. Likely there are some workarounds:

Workaround A: using dinghy

Dinghy creates its own VM using docker-machine, it will not modify your existing docker-machine VMs.

Quick Setup giude, (we recommend you check their docs)

1) brew tap codekitchen/dinghy

2) brew install dinghy

3) dinghy create --provider virtualbox (must have virtualbox installed, but they support other providers if you prefer)

4) after the above command is done it will display some env variables, copy them to the bash profile or zsh or.. (this will instruct docker to use the server running inside the VM)

5) docker-compose up ...


Workaround B: using d4m-nfs

You can use the d4m-nfs solution in 2 ways, one is using the Laradock built it integration, and the other is using the tool separatly. Below is show case of both methods:

B.1: using the built in d4m-nfs integration

In simple terms, docker-sync creates a docker container with a copy of all the application files that can be accessed very quickly from the other containers. On the other hand, docker-sync runs a process on the host machine that continuously tracks and updates files changes from the host to this intermediate container.

Out of the box, it comes pre-configured for OS X, but using it on Windows is very easy to set-up by modifying the DOCKER_SYNC_STRATEGY on the .env

Usage

Laradock comes with sync.sh, an optional bash script, that automates installing, running and stopping docker-sync. Note that to run the bash script you may need to change the permissions chmod 755 sync.sh

1) Configure your Laradock environment as you would normally do and test your application to make sure that your sites are running correctly.

2) Make sure to set DOCKER_SYNC_STRATEGY on the .env. Read the syncing strategies for details.

# osx: 'native_osx' (default)
# windows: 'unison'
# linux: docker-sync not required

DOCKER_SYNC_STRATEGY=native_osx

2) Install the docker-sync gem on the host-machine:

./sync.sh install

3) Start docker-sync and the Laradock environment. Specify the services you want to run, as you would normally do with docker-compose up

./sync.sh up nginx mysql

Please note that the first time docker-sync runs, it will copy all the files to the intermediate container and that may take a very long time (15min+). 4) To stop the environment and docker-sync do:

./sync.sh down
Setting up Aliases (optional)

You may create bash profile aliases to avoid having to remember and type these commands for everyday development. Add the following lines to your ~/.bash_profile:

alias devup="cd /PATH_TO_LARADOCK/laradock; ./sync.sh up nginx mysql" #add your services
alias devbash="cd /PATH_TO_LARADOCK/laradock; ./sync.sh bash"
alias devdown="cd /PATH_TO_LARADOCK/laradock; ./sync.sh down"

Now from any location on your machine, you can simply run devup, devbash and devdown.

Additional Commands

Opening bash on the workspace container (to run artisan for example):

 ./sync.sh bash

Manually triggering the synchronization of the files:

./sync.sh sync

Removing and cleaning up the files and the docker-sync container. Use only if you want to rebuild or remove docker-sync completely. The files on the host will be kept untouched.

./sync.sh clean
Additional Notes
  • You may run laradock with or without docker-sync at any time using with the same .env and docker-compose.yml, because the configuration is overridden automatically when docker-sync is used.
  • You may inspect the sync.sh script to learn each of the commands and even add custom ones.
  • If a container cannot access the files on docker-sync, you may need to set a user on the Dockerfile of that container with an id of 1000 (this is the UID that nginx and php-fpm have configured on laradock). Alternatively, you may change the permissions to 777, but this is not recommended.

Visit the docker-sync documentation for more details.


B.2: using the d4m-nfs tool

D4m-nfs automatically mount NFS volume instead of osxfs one.

1) Update the Docker [File Sharing] preferences:

Click on the Docker Icon > Preferences > (remove everything form the list except /tmp).

2) Restart Docker.

3) Clone the d4m-nfs repository to your home directory.

git clone https://github.com/IFSight/d4m-nfs ~/d4m-nfs

4) Create (or edit) the file ~/d4m-nfs/etc/d4m-nfs-mounts.txt, and write the follwing configuration in it:

/Users:/Users

5) Create (or edit) the file /etc/exports, make sure it exists and is empty. (There may be collisions if you come from Vagrant or if you already executed the d4m-nfs.sh script before).

6) Run the d4m-nfs.sh script (might need Sudo):

~/d4m-nfs/d4m-nfs.sh

That’s it! Run your containers.. Example:

docker-compose up ...

Note: If you faced any errors, try restarting Docker, and make sure you have no spaces in the d4m-nfs-mounts.txt file, and your /etc/exports file is clear.


Common Problems

Here’s a list of the common problems you might face, and the possible solutions.


I see a blank (white) page instead of the Laravel ‘Welcome’ page!

Run the following command from the Laravel root directory:

sudo chmod -R 777 storage bootstrap/cache


I see “Welcome to nginx” instead of the Laravel App!

Use http://127.0.0.1 instead of http://localhost in your browser.


I see an error message containing address already in use or port is already allocated

Make sure the ports for the services that you are trying to run (22, 80, 443, 3306, etc.) are not being used already by other programs on the host, such as a built in apache/httpd service or other development tools you have installed.


I get NGINX error 404 Not Found on Windows.

  1. Go to docker Settings on your Windows machine.
  2. Click on the Shared Drives tab and check the drive that contains your project files.
  3. Enter your windows username and password.
  4. Go to the reset tab and click restart docker.


The time in my services does not match the current time

  1. Make sure you’ve changed the timezone.
  2. Stop and rebuild the containers (docker-compose up -d --build <services>)


I get MySQL connection refused

This error sometimes happens because your Laravel application isn’t running on the container localhost IP (Which is 127.0.0.1). Steps to fix it:

  • Option A
    1. Check your running Laravel application IP by dumping Request::ip() variable using dd(Request::ip()) anywhere on your application. The result is the IP of your Laravel container.
    2. Change the DB_HOST variable on env with the IP that you received from previous step.
  • Option B
    1. Change the DB_HOST value to the same name as the MySQL docker container. The Laradock docker-compose file currently has this as mysql

I get stuck when building nginx on fetch http://mirrors.aliyun.com/alpine/v3.5/main/x86_64/APKINDEX.tar.gz

As stated on #749, removing the line RUN sed -i 's/dl-cdn.alpinelinux.org/mirrors.aliyun.com/' /etc/apk/repositories from nginx/Dockerfile solves the problem.